Introducing George Alexander Louis, Prince of Cambridge. He was born at 16:24 BST on the 22nd of July 2013 to parents Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge.
He is currently third in line for monarch of the 16 Sovereign States, their territories and dependencies and head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. He will also become Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Though third in line for the throne, its highly unlikely he will become King until he reaches the age of 70, might possibly living up to his already nickname of “King of the 22nd Century.” For the baby to be king at the turn of the century, he would have to be on the throne at age 87 (interestingly the same age as the Queen is now). However, a life expectancy calculator from Cardiff Metropolitan University estimates current life expectancy of a male born in a higher managerial/professional role is under 76 years old, and Prince William who was born in 1982 is likely to live till his mid eighties. Though the Office for National Statistics estimates that a child born in 2012 has a 30% chance of reaching 100 years of age. Based on these calculations, the Prince of Cambridge is likely to succeed his father Prince William at age 56 (2068) and possibly sit on the throne for 44 more years which mean his reign could not draw close till about 2113.
Currently is only the 2nd time in history (first happening between 1894-1901 during the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria) where three generations of direct heirs to the throne have been alive at the same time, with the next three being kings. It is estimated that we may not see another queen on the throne in the next 100 years, though this was not always the case. Before Prince George was born, there was high speculation of him actually being a girl. Research conducted by Fiona Matthews at the University of Exeter suggests that the royal could’ve been a girl. Matthews and colleagues have studied how the sex of a child is not totally random, as worldwide there are slightly more boys born everyday than girls (approximately 150 boys to every 100 girls). One part of the story was the dietary habits of the mother before conception.
A study that looked at 740 women early in their pregnancies asked those women what that had eaten before becoming pregnant. Women with a higher caloric intake were more likely to give birth to a boy than a girl. This is theorised because more calories may be needed for baby boys as male embryos develop faster than females. Calorie consumption may provide the body with cues that influence the sex of the child, she said. Women who are generally gaining weight are more likely to have a boy baby, Mathews said.
Another key factor in determining the gender of the baby is stress. More women have been born after times of crisis, such as earthquakes or other natural disasters or to women who have highly stressful jobs. A study performed in 1999 in the Journal Norsk Epidemiologi found that the proportion of male children of men who were military air pilots were significantly lower [Though the results matched American studies in 1961 and 1987, it did not match the results of a German study from 1976 and more research would need to be conducted].
A third and final point tha favoured a girl was Kate’s morning sickness. At the beginning of her pregnancy Kate suffered from a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum, which is a condition strongly associated with having a female child. A study from the University of Washington showed that women who were hospitalised with this condition in their first trimester had a 50% higher likelihood of giving birth to a girl when compared to women who gave birth to a child who was not hospitalised for that condition. Their research also showed that women hospitalised for at least three days (as Kate was) had a 80% greater chance of having a female infant.
So you would expect, with the stress of Kate in the media’s eye, her morning sickness and William being an RAF pilot that their baby should’ve been a girl. However, other research also showed that they were likely to have a boy. A study looking at billionaires found that couples were more likely to have a boy, particularly if the wealthy parent was the dad. Though that may not have been the deciding factor, the royal couple did ultimately give birth to a royal baby boy.
Though, what if William and Kate were never married and he instead married a distant cousin of his, as seen quite frequently in the past. The child may have inherited more than just the title of future king. Haemophilia, a hereditary genetic disorder that impairs the body’s ability to control blood clotting, was prominent in European royalty in the 19th and 20th century. Once popularly known as “the royal disease,” haemophilia was passed by two daughters of Queen Victoria (Princess Alice and Princess Beatrice) to the many royal houses across the continent including royal families of Spain, Germany and Russia. Haemophilia is a sex-linked X chromosome disorder that manifests almost entirely in males. This is because the trait is recessive and males only inherit the one x chromosome from their mother, however the disorder can be passed from either mother or father. Luckily however, no living member or present or past reigning dynasties of Europe is known to have the symptoms or carry the gene for haemophilia.
No matter, a boy has been born and it is estimated that the British public spent upwards of £243 million celebrating the birth of the child, according to Centre for Retail Research. And we can expect a whole lot to change during the lifetime of this child, as so much has already changed in recent years. No matter, the birth of the royal baby boy has been celebrated by people all over the world, and his life will be celebrated for years to come.
– Written by Rakshet Sachdev
Find more of my in-cohesive ramblings on twitter @rakshet